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Brasil and the vine of South America

Publié le par Philippe Josse

Brasil and the vine of South America

South America and the vine

The Andes , 500 km long dominates most of the vineyards in South America

Rocky heights protect from wind and rain, providing a warm valleys and dry climate, the water that melts glaciers to vineyards and mineral enriched

Night hot air down from the peaks, refreshing the vines by promoting the formation of flavors in the grapes.

The wines of South America can not deny their connection with the great French wines .

As in the rest of South America, the vine was introduced into South America by Herman Cortes and the Spanish Conquistadors

The Spanish played a great role in the history of wine in South America , Peru, Argentina, Chile, the Portuguese in Brazil and Uruguay for they Basques .

Brazil and Viticulture

Brazil is a little known wine country and it is rare to find Brazilian wines in France and Europe.

Brazilian vineyard was born with Don Martin Alfonso de Souza , an emissary of King Don Juan III of Portugal .

The Portuguese planted the first vines with the foundation of Catholic missions by the Jesuits, who had brought the Spanish vineyards, it began in 1626 in Rio Grande do Sul.

Thereafter the Brazilian wine industry received a boost when the tenants of the islands of Madeira and the Azores came to Brazil they settled in El Santos Baballero Bras Cubas, these vines came from the island of Madeira , they also planted vineyards north of Brazil and sold the wine to the Dutch.

European varieties to susceptible to disease, these European varieties Brazilian added in 1840 , planting Isabelle ( a cultivar of the species Vitis labrusca ) . This hybrid grew massively on the southern coast of Rio Grande and then the Brazilians chose the varieties of North Americas , as Alexander , Isabella , Catawba , Concord and Delaware ,

The arrival of the French , Germans , Italians, made ​​it possible to improve viticulture

The vines are planted on hills (up to 600 meters) , where conditions are sometimes reminiscent of wine culture in the mountainous regions . The floors are a substrate of basalt rock and limestone.

The three major wine regions , the Rio Grande del Sur, North East and Vale de Sao Francisco.

Much of the production is still consecrated as table grapes, the favorable climate of Brazil allows three harvests per year , half of which is for the production of wine.

The vines are nearly 50 000 hectares , or nearly twenty times less than in France . Brazilian wine capital is Bento Gonçalves, located about 400 km of Argentina and Uruguay . Wine ( the Muskatel the Miolo ) is developed in a very near the equator region , defying conventional geographical principles of viticulture

80% of Brazilian vines come from hybrid grapes used for wine and produce acceptable wines as very good, from varietals such as Merlot, Cabernet Franc , Cabernet Sauvignon , Gamay , Pinot Noir , Barbera Gewurztraminer but as tannat , Riesling , Chardonnay , Moscato , Semillon , Trebbiano and Sauvignon Blanc,

With a quality wine that is improving year on year and the arrival of large houses like Moët et Chandon, Mumm and other companies as Italy or Japon. the Brazilian viticulture began to take the importance in South America and in the world.

Brasil and the vine of South America
Brasil and the vine of South America
Brasil and the vine of South America
Brasil and the vine of South America
Brasil and the vine of South America
Brasil and the vine of South America
Brasil and the vine of South America
Brasil and the vine of South America
Brasil and the vine of South America
Brasil and the vine of South America
Brasil and the vine of South America
Brasil and the vine of South America
Brasil and the vine of South America
Brasil and the vine of South America
Brasil and the vine of South America
Brasil and the vine of South America
Brasil and the vine of South America
Brasil and the vine of South America
Brasil and the vine of South America
Brasil and the vine of South America
Brasil and the vine of South America
Brasil and the vine of South America
Brasil and the vine of South America
Brasil and the vine of South America
Brasil and the vine of South America
Brasil and the vine of South America

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The Algarve and vines

Publié le par Philippe Josse

The Algarve and vines

The Algarve and vines

Is it in the extreme south of Portugal between the Spanish border and the Atlantic Ocean , with a subtropical climate and mainly sandy soil.

In antiquity, the Algarve is now occupied by Cynetes , whose people it may be linguistically and ethnically origin of Iberian and Celtiberian

The Phoenicians established trading ports along the coast, around 1000 BC . BC The Carthaginians founded Portus Hanibalis today Portimão , about the year 550 BC. J. -C

It is a summer tourist regions of the largest in Portugal and Europe, thanks to its beaches and historical heritage

Located in the extreme southwest of Europe, it is bordered to the south and west by the Atlantic Ocean , it shares its eastern border with the Spanish Andalusia, which it is separated by the river Guadiana ; north , it borders the region of Alentejo, is it and crossed by several rivers.

The region also hosts the Ria Formosa , a set of lagoons and islands formed during the earthquake of 1755, over a length of 110 km , where it is possible to observe hundreds of species of birds

The terrain of the region is characterized by smooth hills intersected by valleys. Is the highest point Pico da Foia , located 902 meters above sea level in the Serra de Monchique.

The main areas are mountainous Serra do Monchique Serra de Espinhaço the Cão and the Serra do Caldeirão

Marine Algarve coast is about 155 km long, with 50 from the tip of Cape St. Vincent, the highest point in the southwest of Europe. The coast is characterized by its open in the limestone , particularly around Lagos caves.

The average annual temperature is higher and the Iberian Peninsula

The vineyard soil

that covers the region of the Algarve. is located on the southern coast of Portugal , a tourist area , with very few wines are exported.

The planting is based Arinto , Baga, Castelão , Fernão Pires, Rabo de Ovelha , Tinta amarela , Trincadeira das Pratas , Ugni blanc and Vital.

Its white wines with low acidity , which they and delicate and easily drink an aperitif

Red wines themselves are velvety and soft with less body and acidity

Besides its region vinhos (VR) , the Algarve has four major regions of the designations : Lagos , Portimão, Lagoa and Tavira.

The Algarve and vines
The Algarve and vines
The Algarve and vines
The Algarve and vines
The Algarve and vines
The Algarve and vines
The Algarve and vines
The Algarve and vines
The Algarve and vines
The Algarve and vines
The Algarve and vines
The Algarve and vines
The Algarve and vines

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The Alentejo & the Vine

Publié le par Philippe Josse

The Alentejo & the Vine

The Alentejo & the Vine


The Alentjo is a Portugal region covering much of the southern half of the country originally the name , Além - Tejo , literally means "beyond the Tagus ".


This region is characterized by the mixture of Roman and Arabic cultures as well as the latest evidence of Christianity.


North - east are the typical towns of Castle Road , famous for its tapestries.
Going south , the landscape becomes more arid. Around Evora, one of the most beautiful cities of Portugal , declared World Heritage by UNESCO , one must visit the marble quarries and Arraiolos , known for his famous hand-woven carpets .


Alvito , Beja, is an ancient Roman city that became a Muslim cultural center , Moura, Serpa and Mértola are places worth visiting . South -west , the coastline attracts visitors with its beautiful beaches , some of which still wild . The Alentejo is a region known for its rural and ecological tourism.
The Alentejo is not really a wine region , but countless small viticulture areas together, these territories s'parpillent along the Spanish border in the east and southeast of Lisbon.

The wines regions


The Alentejo covers a relatively large area of the country where one manufactures olive oil, there is always olive trees, in vineyards as in Tuscany .


The Alentejo many good quality wines in the wine regions of


Portalegre:


Is the northernmost near Sao Mamede hills area , the red wines of this region are derived mainly Aragonez , Grand Noir, Periquita and Trincadeira for whites is the Arinto grape varieties - Galego , Roupeiro , Assario , Manteoedo and Fernão – worst


Borda,

This region is known as much for its wine as are marble, red wines , D' Aragonez, Periquita and Trincadeira , with Alfrocheiro , Alicante Bouschet , Grand Noir and Moreto
The white wines are made from them : Perrum, rabo , Ovelha , Roupeiro and Tamarez


Redondo is connected by water and Vigia in south and the Ossa mountains to the north , the main grape varieties used are : Periquita , Arago, Trincaseira , Moreto, Roupeiro
For white have found Fernão , Tamarez , Rabo and Ovelha



Evora,

This once famous vineyard is now reborn with varieties like Periquita the Trincadeira , Tinta The Aragonez and Caiada
Pourur whites Arinto , some Rabo , Ovelha ,the Roupeiro and Tamarez


Reguengos ,


This area basement fully Granite with some shale , a hot continental climate and dry summer , the wines are known for their Reguengos Qualie with reds from , Periquita , Trincadeira , and Aragonez and Moreto .


For white wines is Roupeiro ,Rabo , Ovelha , Manteoedo and Perrum as varieties


Granga , Amereleja .


Located southwest of Alentejo just to the Spanish border are climate is subtropical influences with great temperature differences between hot summers and freezing winters , the region that produced only red wines with lots of characters whose grapes used are some Moreto , Periquita and Trincadeira


Vidigueira .


The oldest is the wine region of Portugal known hills of Portel , a continental climate and subtropical characteristics and a basement of volcanic origin, red wines are made from grapes as Alfrocheiro the Moreto, the Periquita , Tinta - Grossa and Trincadeira , for varieties of white wines have some Antao - Vaez , Manteoedo , Perrum , Rabo de Ovelha and Roupeiro


Moura .


It is the most southern of these small areas are under soil is chalky, with a subtropical climate and some red wines from grapes such Alfrocheiro , Moreto, Periquita and Trincadeira , whites are made ​​from Antão Vaz , Fernão - pires , Rabo , Ovelha and Roupeiro

The Alentejo & the Vine
The Alentejo & the Vine
The Alentejo & the Vine
The Alentejo & the Vine
The Alentejo & the Vine
The Alentejo & the Vine
The Alentejo & the Vine
The Alentejo & the Vine
The Alentejo & the Vine
The Alentejo & the Vine
The Alentejo & the Vine
The Alentejo & the Vine
The Alentejo & the Vine
The Alentejo & the Vine
The Alentejo & the Vine

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The Bairrada region in Portugal

Publié le par Philippe Josse

The Bairrada region in Portugal

The Bairrada region in Portugal


Is located in the center - west of the country , not far from the coast, north of the city of Coimbra , south of Vineyard vinhos Verdes, it is bordered on the west by the Atlantic Ocean and to the east by dào terroir .


With strongly influenced by climate Atlantic Ocean


The Bairrada is rooted in the Portuguese word which means Barro Earth Clay , and it expresses the nature of the soil of this region.


It is a region designation of Portuguese origin, Bairrada wine terroir , which covers concelhos of Anadia Mealhada , Oliveira do Bairro and part of those of Agueda , Aveiro , Cantanhede , Coimbra and Vagos .

It makes very good wine, tannic and colorful, seductive wines, wines can be White, Red , Rosé and sparkling .


The white wines of this region are rare and account for only 10 % of production
They come from grapes , Arinto ( Pedernã ) , Bical , Cercial , Chardonnay, Fernão Pires (Maria Gomes ) , Rabo de Ovelha , Pinot Blanc , Sauvignon , Sercealinho and Verdelho .


80 % of production is red varieties for reds and rosés are Alfrocheiro , Baga, Camarate , Castelão , Jaen and Touriga Nacional .

White Bairrada is a rare wine that deserves to be tasted like wines that undergo a short period of maturation , this wine young and refined little also be kept few years .


Red Bairrada is a powerful wine with lots of character , while more than white bodied rosé is less powerful than the red

The Bairrada region in Portugal
The Bairrada region in Portugal
The Bairrada region in Portugal
The Bairrada region in Portugal
The Bairrada region in Portugal
The Bairrada region in Portugal
The Bairrada region in Portugal
The Bairrada region in Portugal
The Bairrada region in Portugal
The Bairrada region in Portugal
The Bairrada region in Portugal
The Bairrada region in Portugal
The Bairrada region in Portugal
The Bairrada region in Portugal
The Bairrada region in Portugal
The Bairrada region in Portugal

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The Vinhos Verdes and vine

Publié le par Philippe Josse

The Vinhos Verdes and vine

The Vinhos Verdes and vine


The wine region of Vinhos -verdes lies north west of Portugal , under the Spanish Galicia , north of Porto.


It extends from the Minho River to the Spanish border in the south and ends with the Douro River between the coast and the mountains of the east whose altitude is greater than one thousand meters to the west is the Atlantic Ocean .


This region seems to be made for growers .


Viticulture in this region dates back to Roman times, but it seems certain that the Celts were making wine there before they arrived .


Microclimate along with a granite floor covered with sand and humus, grape products of good quality. Topography of the region, meanwhile, is rather irregular . It is characterized by a system of compact valleys associated with the river system developing the waterfront to the hinterland .

There vine growth everywhere except in vineyards, roadsides , along the walls of farms , or garlands trellised , so high that sometimes it takes a ladder to harvest


The climate of the region is greatly influenced by its geographic features and rivers. Its main characteristic is the level of annual rainfall - on average 1500 mm and their uneven distribution throughout the year, with a concentration in winter and spring.


Throughout the year, the average high temperature and the low temperature is not too high , reflecting a temperate climate.

This appellation produces red wines , white wines and some rosé wines. Most of these wines should be drunk within a year or two years with the exception of wines produced from Alvarinho . Production area covers 160 km and represents 15% of the area of ​​Portuguese wine


The vinhos -verdes are derived, of Alvarinho , avesso , loureiro , perdenà and Trajadura for white and red wines
Red wines azal , boreaçal , brancelho , padeiro de Basto and pedral
White vinhos -verdes are in turn slightly sparkling , and drink well as an aperitif

The Vinhos Verdes and vine
The Vinhos Verdes and vine
The Vinhos Verdes and vine
The Vinhos Verdes and vine
The Vinhos Verdes and vine
The Vinhos Verdes and vine
The Vinhos Verdes and vine
The Vinhos Verdes and vine
The Vinhos Verdes and vine
The Vinhos Verdes and vine
The Vinhos Verdes and vine
The Vinhos Verdes and vine
The Vinhos Verdes and vine
The Vinhos Verdes and vine
The Vinhos Verdes and vine
The Vinhos Verdes and vine

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Portugal and Vine

Publié le par Philippe Josse

Portugal and Vine

Portugal and Vine


Portugal


it is Along the Atlantic coast of the Iberian Peninsula .

Portugal is a country in Southern Europe , member of the European Union, this country , the most western continental Europe , it is bounded on the north and east by Spain and the south and west by the Atlantic Ocean . It also includes the Azores and Madeira , located in the northern hemisphere of the Atlantic Ocean.

The earliest traces of civilization found in Portugal date back to the Palaeolithic rock paintings and engravings caves Escoural (Alentejo ) of Mazouco ( Tras -os- Montes ) and above Vale de Coa , dated between 22,000 and 10,000 BC. BC The majority of these tracks are north of the Tagus and demonstrate the existence of hunter- gatherers. To 10000 BC. BC, the Iberians inhabit the interior of the peninsula. This area takes in history, the " Iberian

Portugal and Vine


Portugal has a generally temperate climate without extremes of temperature. Mild winters , warm but not scorching summer, the country is warmed by the Gulf Stream in the North Atlantic
The center of th
e country is hotter and drier in southern countries with a Mediterranean climate has many great wines that deserve to be discovered


Portuguese vineyards near the coast, such as the Lisbon and Colares are often exposed sandy
This is the sand that has preserved the vineyards of Colares phylloxera
The Minho Verte wine region is corrugated and dotted with beautiful forests , there is good ordinary red and white wines.


Further inland , north of Lisbon , the wines take on the character of a mountain landscape , such as the Douro Valley, Porto region is wild and wonderful , with arid shale or fight the vine


From the early twentieth century began to develop legislation, main regions defined , the Vinhos Verde , Douro Porto , CAD, Moscatel de Setubal, Colares, Bucelas and Carcavelos, other areas are Torres Vedras , Rbatejo , Top DouroLafoes , Lamego , Pinhel , Agueda , Bairrada and Lagoa
The various regions have a special seal that must appear on bottles
Everything Vintage Port is bottled in the city of Porto, but they are typically British homes which are the best ports

Varietals Portugal sonts : Alvarelhâo , Mourisco , Tinta Cao, Tinta Francisca , Sousào , Touriga National, Touriga Francesa, Vinho Verde ,
The most important red grapes are Vinhào Borracal , Espadeiro and Azal
For white
ones are The Azal Blanco, and Dourado

Portugal and Vine
Portugal and Vine
Portugal and Vine
Portugal and Vine
Portugal and Vine
Portugal and Vine
Portugal and Vine
Portugal and Vine
Portugal and Vine
Portugal and Vine
Portugal and Vine
Portugal and Vine
Portugal and Vine
Portugal and Vine

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The Archipelago of the Balearic Islands and the vine

Publié le par Philippe Josse

The Archipelago of the Balearic Islands and the vine

The Archipelago of the Balearic Islands and the vine


The Balearic Islands ( Catalan Illes Balears , Islas Baleares in Spanish ) is an autonomous community of Spain.


Located in the Mediterranean , the archipelago consists of five main islands and several islets,
Located in the east coast of Spain , 88 km from the nearest points of the Iberian Peninsula . up to Valencia


Gymésies the islands composed of Majorca , Minorca, and the small island of Cabrera, and Pityuses islands composed of Ibiza and Formentera.


The islands of Majorca and Minorca can be seen , with a few moments from the French coast by a phenomenon of " land mirage " - as can be seen from Canigou Marseille - although about 400 km between them.


The official languages ​​are Catalan and Castilian.


The earliest traces of human occupation dating back to 5000 BC. AD


The Balearic Islands is controlled by the Carthaginians before coming under Roman rule. Balearic slingers were a military unit during Roman times .


After the fall of the Roman Empire , the Balearic Islands came under the rule of vandals , until the Emperor Justinian make the conquest in 534 . Then the Balearic pass under the Berber- Muslim rule and for almost the entire Middle Ages .


Since 1983, this group of islands form an autonomous community .

Viticulture in Balearic


Wines produced in the Balearic Islands are of high quality and enjoys international prestige . Grouped under the tutelage of Appellations of Origin (DO ) wines of the islands , represent a growing sector .
Generally in all the islands , soils are characterized by bedrock


A local soils consist of three superposed folds : Jurassic limestone , marl and limestone and Triassic marl Miocene . Strong contrasts between the different altitudes and valleys with north winds which temper the summer and provide fall and winter rains.

The Mediterranean climate with hot summers and relatively mild winters , and snow that lingers on the peaks of the Tramuntana serrade in winter


The grapes used are first , are of Spanish origin: Monastrell , Tempranillo , Parellada , Macabeo , and finally some are indigenous : Fogoneu , Callet , Manto Negro , Moll .

International varieties are : Cabernet Sauvignon , Merlot , Syrah, Pinot Noir , Chardonnay , Muscat , Riesling, Viognier, Malvasia and Sauvignon Blanc .


With , Two DO ( Denomination of Origin ) and Pla Mallorca Binissalem it rising and six PGI ( Protected Geographical Indication ) : Illes Balears , Serra de Tramuntana - Costa Nord , Majorca, Minorca , Ibiza

The vineyard has grown from 180 hectares in 2003 to 334 in 2004 and since then declined sharply to 15.5 in 2010. The distribution of vineyards increased in other appellations following subsequent decrees. 12.5 hectares are planted with white varieties , 3 remainder devoted to producing red grapes and 52 426 hectoliters respectively . Only six producers produce this appellation.

The Archipelago of the Balearic Islands and the vine
The Archipelago of the Balearic Islands and the vine
The Archipelago of the Balearic Islands and the vine
The Archipelago of the Balearic Islands and the vine
The Archipelago of the Balearic Islands and the vine
The Archipelago of the Balearic Islands and the vine
The Archipelago of the Balearic Islands and the vine
The Archipelago of the Balearic Islands and the vine
The Archipelago of the Balearic Islands and the vine
The Archipelago of the Balearic Islands and the vine
The Archipelago of the Balearic Islands and the vine
The Archipelago of the Balearic Islands and the vine
The Archipelago of the Balearic Islands and the vine

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Vines in Catalonia

Publié le par Philippe Josse

Vines in Catalonia

Vines in Catalonia


One theory suggests that the peak Lacetani Catalonia , an Iberian tribe that lived in the area, and whose name could have evolved by metathesis Katelans then in Catalan


Finally, it is not excluded that Catalaunes ( Catalauni in Latin) that the Celtic Gauls cato - vell - Aunos name means the best combat , originally the name of the city Chalons -en- Champagne ( Catalaunum in Latin) , can be linked.


Catalonia is defined as a nation. It is located northeast of the Iberian Peninsula and its capital Barcelona.


Catalans call Empordà - Costa Brava , surrounded by the Pyrenees to the north and west , the Valencian Community to the south, Aragon to the west, north France , Andorra northwest , and the Mediterranean Sea to the east. His co-official languages ​​are Catalan , Spanish or Castilian and Occitan ( Aranese dialect in the Aran Valley ) .


Catalonia is home primarily a mid- mid- continental Mediterranean climate peaks of the Pyrenees are characteristics of a mountain climate , even an alpine climate on the highest peaks .


Today, the region produces excellent wines modern , light and fresh, very appreciate holiday makers, its sole is covered in limestone advantage of a thin layer of soil fertil or vineyards may extend to the sea


But this is the best vineyards in inland on hills and sheltered valleys , or have little find Chardonnay, Brut rosé , rosé of Grenache , wines assemblies Grenache and Carignan roses


Red wines assemblies Grenache , Carignan and Tempranillo , dry and crisp , the rarest roses Cabernet Sauvignon fonts


The white wines are made for the most part white Grenache and Maccabeu and sometimes Chardonnay .

The Alella vineyard surrounds

the city of the same name in the north of Barcelona have produces red and white wines made ​​primarily with xarel ( white grenache ), but may have to find wines from Tempranillo and Grenache for red


The Penedès .


South of Barcelona along the Mediterraneans , the White wines are varied from assemblies Parellada , Maccabeu , Xarel -lo , Chardonnay , Sauvignon Blanc , Riesling, but the region also produced from the Moscatel Muscat of Alexandria and Muscat à petits grains


The Tarragona.


Or most popular white grape varieties are Maccabeu , Xarel -lo , Parellada and White Grenache for reds is the Tempranillo and Grenache Carignan , new varieties are Chardonnay, Cabernet Sauvignon , Merlot

Vines in Catalonia
Vines in Catalonia
Vines in Catalonia
Vines in Catalonia
Vines in Catalonia
Vines in Catalonia
Vines in Catalonia
Vines in Catalonia
Vines in Catalonia
Vines in Catalonia
Vines in Catalonia
Vines in Catalonia
Vines in Catalonia
Vines in Catalonia
Vines in Catalonia

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Aragon and vine

Publié le par Philippe Josse

Aragon and vine

Aragon and vine


Aragon


. Aragón situated in the north of Spain It is composed of three provinces. Huesca , Zaragoza province and the province of Teruel lala It runs along the north border of France , to the east by Catalonia and the Valencian Community to the south by Castile -La Mancha , to the west by Castile and León and Navarre.


Aragon is bordered :


Bordered to the north by the foothills of the southern Pyrenees and south by the foothills of the Iberian Mountain . This is also in Aragon found the highest peaks of these two mountain systems, Aneto and Moncayo .


The Aragonese Pyrenees occupy the major part of the province of Huesca, in northern Aragon. There are three main units :
The high Pyrenees (Alto Pirineo ) intra- Pyrenean Depression ( Depresión Intrapirenaica ) external Mountains ( Sierras Exteriores ) .


The main cities of the region , Zaragoza, Huesca and Teruel


Vineyards


The three main vineyards are located next to the city of Zaragoza , the fourth vineyard Somontano which is a higher altitude east of Huesca.


The region of Aragon was known for its blended wines and very heavy alcohol
The wine produced in this region was sold in bulk, today the vineyards gaining market share as they modernize.


The vineyards of Aragon kept despite the modernization of their own identities , but the quality of their wines is very little known , and also on the Spanish market, or Rioja retains a dominant position


In the Campo de Borja , the wine region on the border with Navarre Ebro , enjoying a continental climate, with hot, dry summers .


There have found white wines made from grapes Maccabeu , while for reds uses Tempranillo, Grenache , Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan sometimes accompanied


The Carinena


Lies to the south of the region of Campo de Borja , near the city of Carinena , dating from Roman times.
Carignan , this variety owes its name to the Spanish city Carinena is now spread around the world will also find Cabernet Sauvignon, Macabeo , Grenache Blanc, Grenache and Parellada .

Calatayud


In this region the Celts cultivated vine long before the Romans , the vines are culminates at 450 m altitude , these white wines are from the Maccabeu of added Malvasia Grenache white, red wines are produced from Grenache, Tempranillo , Cabernet Sauvignon and Caignan

Somontano


The vines sheltered by the Pyrenees mountains extend over 50 hectares of Huesca in the Pyrenees , the wines are blended wines of Cabernet Sauvignon and Tempranillo , Cabernet Sauvignon and Moristel for the Reds, and Chardonnay& Maccabeu for whites


Some New varieties of grapes are now used in areas such as Chardonnay, Riesling, Gewürztraminer , Pinot Noir , Chenin Blanc and Merlot

Aragon and vine
Aragon and vine
Aragon and vine
Aragon and vine
Aragon and vine
Aragon and vine
Aragon and vine
Aragon and vine
Aragon and vine
Aragon and vine
Aragon and vine
Aragon and vine
Aragon and vine
Aragon and vine
Aragon and vine
Aragon and vine

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Navarre and vine

Publié le par Philippe Josse

Navarre and vine

Navarre and vine


( Nafarroa Basque , Spanish Navarra) , is a country in northern Spain, on both sides of the western end of the Pyrenees , about an axis Saint -Palais - Pamplona - Tudela It is the historical heart and corresponds to the medieval kingdom of Navarre. This area has evolved over the centuries


Neither the Visigoths , the Moors or never fully occupied the region


During the Roman Empire, the Vascons, a pre -Roman tribe who populated the southern slopes of the Pyrenees occupied the area that would become Navarre. In the mountains north of the Ebro valley Vascons escaped the Roman colonization , but not in the flat south , or that the Roman culture was well established areas

Lower Navarre is the northern part of the former Kingdom of Navarre, now part of the French department of Pyrénées- Atlantiques. Its "capital " is Saint- Jean -Pied- de- Port . It is one of the seven Basque provinces.


There are two denominations of origin Navarre Navare and Rioja DO JAJA


Navarre to very hilly landscapes are altitude ranges from 240 m to 540 m to the north it extends to the border with France , on the border of the Pyrenees, south of the river Ebro separates the Rioja , west and east are the Basque Country and Aragon . the regions rich history with the Kingdom of Navarre


The soil of Navarre consists permeable limestone layers with gravel, covered with brown soil , while the southern regions is sandy and arid


North marked by the Pyrenees, has a semi-continental climate with little precipitation, against the south in a warm, dry climate, marked by the Mediterranean


La Rioja jaja


This wine region extends Navarre, and produces wines that can be bottled under the name navarra or rioja, according choices that depend on the decisions of the winemaker and bodegas (yield , etc. . ) . Provided with less acidity and less aromatic wines of this sub- region are very often appreciated as a contribution in assemblies with wines from other sub-regions to produce a balanced wine .


This subdivision is ideal for Grenache , noble grape that provides the southernmost privileged tempranillo in the other two subdivisions in higher altitudes character .


This sub -region ( south-east) , the lowest - down to 300 m, is warmer , more influenced by the Mediterranean and continental effects.


The wines are not sold before three years of age, Reserva them are not sold before four years of age , and must have great Reserva spent two years in oak casks and three years in bottle .
In this region also produces white wines from the grape vine Maccabeu and Chardonnay.

Chardonnay white wine , sometimes we reserve good surprises
There have also found dry wines made from the grape Muscatel , rosé wines for their part are made from Grenache , and are considered the best Spanish rosés
The wines are dark brown muscatel variety vinified them old , worth a detour
irrigation is now allowed since the 1990s . The wines are darker and alcohol .

Navarre and vine
Navarre and vine
Navarre and vine
Navarre and vine
Navarre and vine
Navarre and vine
Navarre and vine
Navarre and vine
Navarre and vine
Navarre and vine
Navarre and vine
Navarre and vine
Navarre and vine
Navarre and vine
Navarre and vine
Navarre and vine

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