Chavagnac Lafayette , Is a French town Wich is not located in a geographical area of production of wine appelation Chavagnaniac Lafayette between Clermont Ferrand and Le Puy en Velay near the RN 102 .Dependent on the arrondissemant Brioude , it is part of Livadois Forez and the Community of the Town of Paulhaguet .
Altitude Between 620 m and 1046 m , Located in a Moutain area on the territory of green lentils from Le Puy e'n Velay : Area 841 ha by crossing two streams ( the Chavagniac the Lidenne.
Administratively , Chavagnaic Lafayette is a smalll village in the center of France , in the department of haute Loire (43) of the Auvergne region , The village of Chavaniac Lafayette belongs to the district of the canton of Brioude Paulhaguet , Its postal codfe is 43230
Chavagniac Lafayette is also the common view to the Marquis de Lafayette born: Gilbert du motier, Marquis theLafayette says "La fayette" born september 6, 1757 at Chavagniac Lafayette ( HauteLoire, died May 20 , 1834 in Paris , is a French aristocrat of liberal orientation officer and politician, hero of the War of Independence of the United States , Personality of the French Revolution until his emigration in 1792 and major political beginings of the monarchy July.
He .was made an honorary citizen of the United States in 2002
From an old military family of auvergne , whose origins date back to the eleventh century known, gilbert was born in the castle of motier Chavigniac Lafayette.
The family name has its origin in La Fayette , current common aix-la-Fayette (puy de Dôme) , site of a motte documenté ,His father, Louis Michel Crhrisophe of Moitiermarquis de La Fayette 1733 1759 , colonel in the Grnadiers de France, was killed in Westphalia at the age of twentysix years by a cannonball at the battle of Minden , Ist August 1759 in the arms of the Ducke de Broglie.
his mother, Mary Louise Jolie River , rich aristocrat St Brieuc , born in 1737, retired to Paris at the Palais du Luxembourg , she died on 3 April 1770
, At the age 12 the Marquis de La Fayette is an orphan and only potentiel heir to the fortune of her maternal grandfather, the Marquis de La Rivière, who died shortly after making him oneof the men France's richest. This ishis great-grandfather, Count of La Rivière, former Lieutenant General of the Armies of the King . who brought him to Paris for his education .The young Marquis has lonely childhood.
He studied until 1771 at the college du Plessis ( now Lycée Louis Le Grand ) , where he appears to show a penchant for independence and freedom and will parallel training of cadet regiment of black Roi Musketeers
Rhe army will become a second family to him ; It will also follow the progressof the Military Academy of Versailles and will be reviewed by the King.
Participation La Fayette in the warr of Independence of United States 1775 1783 earned him a hug celebrity and a symbolic place for being the link between the U S and France , earning him be nicknamed " The hero of two worlds " and what makes La Fayette symbol of French support to the insurgents of America , making it as the figure of the romantic hero.
That canned ishis young age 19 years and the circumstances of his departture from France without the king's official yet conductive to peace , financing the trip with his own money .however , although he had a significant role in military terms , it is less compaed to that provoked political balance.
the arrival of Lafayette in America in August 1775 , Capitain Gilbert de La Fayette was sent by his father duc d'Ayen stationed at Metz to perfect his military training, He participates on August 8 at a large dinner hosted by the Governor of the city to the Ducke of Gloucester , brother of the King of England , whoevokes the uprising Insurgents The young officer took the same day the decision to go fight for the American independence . Back to Paris in the autumn , La Fayette participates in companies thinking that discuss the commitment of France in the American Revolution. At these meetings, a speaker , Abbé Guillaume Thomas Raynal emphasized the human rights andthe end of colonies , the clergy as critical nobility, censored , he expressed his views scretly therefore to Masonic lodges including one where La Fayette is a member .The young capitain is reform of the army June 11 , 1776 , signed in Paris its commitment in the U S Army as a major general withhis future patron Baron de Kalb and Silas Deane, diplomat and U s Commissioner.
He secretly finance the purchase of a ship "' Victory " a ship of 200 tons , with only two guns , thirty crew and cargo as 5-6 000 rifles , after a trip to England to fooll spies English and French opponents to his company , he escaped to France ad Bordeaux wins. There he embarks openly Spain and Basque port of Pasajes near San Sebastian , fun destination for those who want to go to the Americas , Bordeaux income quickly, he learned that it would kick in order to arrest the origin of which is his stepfather would require a lettre de cachet against him to the king who had already officially banned leave the country afther British.
After a Long voyage of seven weeks , Jun 13 it made landfall at south Inlet , near georgetown in America where guns are sold to arm the militia of Georgia He lend his companions oath to conquer of perish , them met Major Benjamin Huger , he met on 1 August 1777 , he was appointed to his staff as aide with as Major General and , despite a mixed reception at the begining of the members of Congrss in philadelphia , he took part in the figting in the summer .He received a bullet in the leg at the battle of Brandywine, September 11 1777.
Lafayette in Virginia: Yorktown article
Preparation of the French Expeditionary Corps in 1780 in United States , Battle of cCap Henry and Virginia Defense by Lafayette , Back to the United Siates in 1780aboard the Hermione, he received the command of Georges Washington's troops Virginia. Responsible to operate in Virginia against forces four times in number , yet it sacrifices part ofhis fortune to keep his soldiers under his command and arrived by forced marches and sudden return to Cornwallis so tired and harassed his troops that the British General is forced to concider an adversary redoutable .
La Fayette is a junction with the troops of George Washinton and Comte de Rochambeau , Commander of the French expeditionary corps 6000mens to focus on the enciclement of Cornwallis at Yorktown.