Saxony and vineyards
To 200 to 400 : The Saxons, who lived far to the north of the Elbe in Holstein , settled in the southern part (nowadays Lower Saxony ) , Westphalia and Œstphalie .
Saxony was a primitive Germanic region , during the Merovingian period , which was integrated into the Holy Roman Empire at the beginning of the Carolingian period .
Once the limit of Roman territory , this region has experienced the transition and installation of several cousins ethnic groups , generally called the Germans in late antiquity. Without political unity , Saxony was split into several small kingdoms or chiefdoms before arouse the interest of its western neighbors , the Franks . These, allied with Rome, mingle their political interests referred to evangelizing the clergy to nibble the area of Saxon influence. This country was finally conquered by the Carolingians in 804 , and was erected into a duchy by Louis the German in 843 :
It began in the east of the Rhine, to the banks of the Ems and north of the Lippe , and extended as far north as the Baltic and Eider ( Denmark ) , to a little more beyond the Elbe. Saxony Thuringia was bounded to the south, the area of Frankish influence in the west Friesland and the country north of the Danes , and the Slavic tribes established west of the Oder in the east. It consisted of three large masses of Angrie , Westphalia , and Ostphalie .
The historical name of Saxony is naturally linked to that of the Saxons , including installed in the future Britain, and the current Saxony , Germany.
Saxony ( Sachsen German , Sorbian sakska ), officially known as Saxony ( Freistaat Sachsen ) 1 is one of the sixteen Länder component Germany. Because of its rich architectural heritage , its capital, Dresden is known as the " Florence of the Elbe".
Other major cities are Leipzig ( first by population ) city known for its trade fairs , including its book fair in March , and Chemnitz . Saxony has nearly four million residents. It is one of five " new Länder " that were part of the GDR until 1990.
The vineyard are
Located in the eastern part of the state of Saxony and a small part of Saxony -Anhalt and Brandenburg . Sächsische Weinstraße ( Saxon wine route ) is renowned. It is about sixty miles long and passes through the villages of the valley of the Elbe, at Pirna - Diesbar Seußlitz . Hills whose southern slopes are cultivated benefit microclimate and a land composed of loess , both silty and granitic , comparable to the Wachau in Austria.
The vineyards of Saxony
This wine region of 460 hectares is the smallest and one of the most northern Germany. About 80 % of the production consists of dry white wine and 20 % red wines.
It belonged to East Germany with the other region Saale Unstrut are the two northernmost vineyards of Germany , the sax is located further east on the banks of the Elbe in Near Dresden.
It is a very small area vineyards scattered between Pillnitz and Diesbar Seusslitz the cities of Meissen and Radebeul forming the center.
The soil of these vineyards has a very high varité (sand, humus and porphyry ) the Müller Thurgau , the Weissburgunder , Traminer , produce dry , fruity wines whose acidity is refreshing
Rare local wines are light and fluffy and sparkling , the Elbtal - sekt , has a very respectable quality
The wines are a real rarity . "
Saxony is the northernmost wine region most in eastern Germany, but also one of the smallest in Europe . In this region of the Elbe are grown vines for 850 years . The local vineyard is divided into very small plots operated by more than 3,000 small wineries . Saxony has a wide variety of grapes , which is for example the last place where they produce golden Riesling . The majority of wines Saxon is consumed locally , which explains their rarity in the rest of Germany .