Viticulture in New Zealand
Located in the southwest Pacific Ocean, New Zealand consists of two main islands and numerous smaller islands together.
The North Island and the South Island, with a length of 1500 km and 200 km wide.
Temperate and humid, with rainfall distributed throughout the year the climate is pleasant nonetheless. Swept by moist westerly winds
From one season to the othe, differences between day and night are virtually nonexistent.
The islands are oriented on a north-south axis, only the western islands is affected, protected by mountains from the center of the islands, it falls much less rain in the east and west, which gives conditions ideal for viticulture.
The vine was introduced in the nineteenth century in New Zealand by an English missionary in Kerikeri, in the far north. It was developed some time after James Busby.
New Zealand wines have been discovered in the past twenty years. The quality of wines made today, they conquered the world. The New Zealand, attribute the success of their wines in their countries.
In 2001 there were 382 vineyards, whose exports reached $ 200 million.
It excites eight wine regions in New Zealand, Gisborne Region, the Auckland region, the region of Hawkes Bay, the Wairarapa region, Marlborough, Nelson Region, Canterbury Region and Region Central Otago .
New Zealand wines are distinguished by their qualities, the secret of this quality up to climatic condition of the country, but also the expertise of winemakers, completed with modern vinification method. New Zealand ,use of natural and biological resources, for lute against diseases and insects.
The pervasive influence, of the Pacific Ocean that vines have grown east of the mountains away from moist wind from the west. Hawke's Bay was the first to make efforts to produce Cabernet Sauvignon but its climate, excessive and fertile soils have produced wines labeled vegetal aromas crops.
Northland, this region is the hottest, or is planted Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Chardonnay on shallow and sandy clay to volcanic basement clay soils.
In the Auckland region, which extends around the capital, the vineyard connects the West Coast to the East Coast. In a hot and humid climate, it produces red grapes as white on silty shallow gently sloping soils, and clay dominance.
Among the varieties grown have found the Chardonnay, Gewürztraminer, Sauvignon Blanc, Riesling, Pinot Noir, Shiraz, Pinotage, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Malbec, Montepulciano, Pinot Gris, Viognier, Breidecker, Pinot Grigio, Semillon, Chambourcin , Dolcetto, Sangiovese, Red, Petit Verdot, as well as fortified wines such as sherry or Porto
Located about 2,000 km from Australia which it is separated by the Tasman Sea, New Zealand is geographically isolated. This isolation has allowed the development of flora and a rich and diverse endemic fauna.
Estimated at about 4 million people in 2013, is mostly of European origin, while Maori are the largest minority
Like the economic miracles, that have taken place in many English-speaking countries such as Canada, Ireland and Australia, and characterized by very high rates of growth and a management of exemplary country.
New Zealand known to turn a similar period since the late 2000s, New Zealand has a record rise in its HDI from 21st to 3rd place in the world rankings, behind Norway and Australia.
Agriculture has been and remains the industry's most important export of New Zealand, about a sixth of New Zealand's exports of products from dairy cows: milk powder, cheese, butter, There are more 4 million dairy cows, the sheep farms are mainly located in the Canterbury region