Vineyards of Lake County in California
Is a county located in the north-central US state of California portion, north of San Francisco Bay.
The county derives its name from Clear Lake, the largest natural lake entirely in California, the major rivers that flow into Clear Lake is Forbes Creek, Scotts Creek, Middle Creek and Kelsey Creek. Lake Tahoe is partly in Nevada and Salton Sea, was accidentally flooded. The two main rivers are: Cache Creek and Putah Creek, flowing into the Sacramento River.
Lake County was formed in 1861 from parts of Napa and Mendocino counties, but the Euro-American settlers were installed in 1840s. Lake County has long been known as a farming community.
The first vineyards were planted in 1870 by the European Americans, early in 20th century, the area gained a reputation, but in 1920, a national ban ended the wine production in Lake County.*
The re-emergence of the wine industry began in 1960s, with some producers who have rediscovered the vineyard potential in the region, today more than 8,800 hectares (36 km2) of vineyards are cultivated. Many producers in the region are farmers whose families have planted pear and hazelnut before vine.
The first internationally renowned wines were produced in1900. Today more and more, Lake County is gaining notoriety for the quality of its wines.
Now there are some 167 producers and 32 wineries in the region of Lakes.
The region is known for its: Cabernet Sauvignon and Sauvignon Blanc. But many other varieties are grown as: Petite Sirah, Merlot, Syrah, Cabernet Franc, Zinfandel, Tempranillo, Pinot Noir, Sangiovese, Gamay, Red, Sagrantino, Dolcetto, Primitivo, Barbera, Montepulciano, Nebbiolo-Red, Malbec, Grenache, Mourvèdre, Ports and blend wine for red wine
In the white varieties have found: Chardonnay, Riesling, Pinot Grigio Muscat, Chenin Blanc, Aglianico, Moscato, Muscat Canelli, Viognier, Roussanne, Riesling, Orange Muscat. And wines Traditional Method.
The majority of vineyards are planted above 1,500 feet. This allows a higher growth, and has one of the best qualities of the area, which reduces the threat of mold and pest pressure and reduces the use of pesticides
Lake County has five American viticultural areas
The valley is a high vacuum in the mountains of southwestern Lake County, and is much cooler than the surrounding areas.
Half of the area is within the limits of Clear Lake, the largest freshwater lake in the State of California, moderating influence on the area surrounding the lake allows the climate to have less diurnal variation than the surrounding areas. that led to success with grapes
Founded in 1981, Guenoc Valley is a small inland valley has an alluvial fan of Arroyo Seco and Conejo Loam, soil series, isolated from surrounding areas by rocky ridges.
Upper Valley is located in the eastern part of the county; the valley is located at altitudes between (490 m) (910 m), with red volcanic soils, found on the adjacent hills while the alluvial beds provide good drainage for the vines beds.
Red Hills Lake
Red Hills Lake is located along the southwestern shores of Clear Lake, at an altitude between (430 m) and (910 m) above the sea level Separates Excelsior Valley at east of Big Valleyto in the west. located at the foot of Mount Konocti, volcano mount whose last eruption occurred 11,000 years ago, still considered active.