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The Rioja

Publié le par Philippe Josse

The  Rioja

The Rioja


La Rioja is a region in northern Spain , landlocked , crossed by the Ebro and Oja , limited by the Basque Country in the north, through Navarre north and east , by Aragon to the east by Castile and León to the south and west .
The highlight of the province is the San Lorenzo 2271 meters ( Sierra de la Demanda ) .


A region is famous for its wines (DOC Rioja) .


Traces of the oldest known settlements of Neolithic date Rioja . Megalithic monuments are not uncommon .
The region was overrun as throughout Europe by the Celts . The berons founded the city of Varea , close to the current Logroño .
Logroño, it was founded by the Romans in the second century . After the fall of Rome , the Visigoths dominate the whole of Spain .


She was on the pilgrimage way of St. Jacques de Compostela , the Camino Francés . The pilgrims who crossed were at the origin of its economic development.

The Basque language is used in La Rioja


Rioja


The vine was introduced in the region , as Hispania, by the Phoenicians (and their colony of Carthage ) and Romans and even Celtibères also cider drinkers . The earliest documents referring to the vine planted in the region date back to the ninth century AD .


The region and the wine takes its name from the Oja , this small river that flows into the Ebro near the town of Haro
Rioja is arguably Spain 's most famous red wines from the mid-nineteenth siècle.Parmi designations of origin ( Denominacion Origen , DO) in Spain , she is the only one with the priory , to enjoy the DOC distinction


Its scope beyond the limits of La Rioja, and also covers portions of the regions of Navarre , the Basque Country and Castilla y Leon.
The Rioja are fine , aromatic and balanced wines .


There are three sub-regions: Rioja Alta, Rioja Baja and Rioja Alavesa .

The wine region is located south of the Cantabrian Mountains , in the valley of the Ebro and the Oja ( Rio Oja ) in valleys at a certain altitude and marked by a continental climate. More specifically, the vineyards are typically planted on trays located about 400 m above sea level


The Cantabrian mountains isolate vineyards and protect some weather that would otherwise descend and North Atlantic .


The Roja alta


Covering the west of the appellation, south of Alava, Burgos toward this sub-region is also higher in altitude ( 400-500 m ) the Rioja Baja, and therefore less marked by a hot season shorter , which gives a more conventional , say even closer to the French model non- southern , its wines , lighter . The dominant grape variety is Tempranillo . Temprano word means "early" in Spanish : it matures two weeks before the Grenache.


Rioja Alvesa


This section of the label is located north of the River Ebro in the Basque province of Alava . The climate is similar to the Rioja Alta , yet the wines are rounder and denser but still finesse. The density of vines per hectare is lower due to rocky soil , grape practice that promotes this wealth. As in the Rioja Alta region specializes in tempranillo .

The  Rioja
The  Rioja
The  Rioja
The  Rioja
The  Rioja
The  Rioja
The  Rioja
The  Rioja
The  Rioja
The  Rioja
The  Rioja
The  Rioja

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Upper Valley The Ebro

Publié le par Philippe Josse

Upper Valley The Ebro

Upper Valley The Ebro


Encompasses the southern Basque Country , Navarre , La Rioja, Aragon , wine region classified Do except the Rioja region of Spain only to have the status of DOC


Navarre and the south of the Basque Country also produce Riojas


The Ebro ( Ebro in Spanish, Basque and Aragonese , Ebre in Catalan) is the most powerful Spanish rivers. Its length is 928 km and watershed 85,550 km ² in area


Until recently, its source was located Fontibre ( Latin, Fontes Iberis ' sources of the Ebro ' in Greek Ἴβηρ ) , 880 m altitude, near Reinosa in the autonomous community of Cantabria . It is estimated today that originates in the Ebro sources Híjar to Peñalabra at 1980 m altitude and 27 km upstream from Reinosa .


Its upper course is in remarkable gorges. It crosses Cantabria, Castile and León , La Rioja , Navarre , Aragon before emptying into the Mediterranean in Catalonia, with a large delta of 320 km near Amposta ( Tarragona ), where the Buda island .


Distinguished by the European Commission as a destination, thanks to its range of sustainable tourism


This space located in the province of Tarragona occupies an area of ​​320 km ², the natural Park of Delta de L' Ebre , its ornithological wealth gives it international fame


Upper Valley The Ebro has a considerably warmer than the north west of Spain where the climate is moderated by proximity to the Atlantic Ocean and the Bay of Biscay climate, protected by a long mountain chain , bordered on the west by Aragon

.
Navarre and La Rioja, export their wines for many years to France close ties with French vineyards


The white wines of the Ebro was used to highlight the Basque specialties (seafood , fish) the most robust red wines them with meats such as lamb and beef


The Rioja wines are identified by their names and not by their original vineyard

Upper Valley The Ebro
Upper Valley The Ebro
Upper Valley The Ebro
Upper Valley The Ebro
Upper Valley The Ebro
Upper Valley The Ebro
Upper Valley The Ebro
Upper Valley The Ebro
Upper Valley The Ebro
Upper Valley The Ebro
Upper Valley The Ebro
Upper Valley The Ebro
Upper Valley The Ebro
Upper Valley The Ebro
Upper Valley The Ebro
Upper Valley The Ebro

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Vine and Spanish Basque Country

Publié le par Philippe Josse

Vine and Spanish Basque Country


The Basque Country, a scenic coastline consists of endless beaches and fishing ports , high industrial and domestic cities land


The Basques have their own culturre , language that defines their character closely linked with the French Basque country


Txakoli is a nice wine to accompany seafood pleasantly What is found only in its région d'orignine it vien a vineyard of 40 hectares located around the towns of Zarautz and Aia Guétary , which produce a majority white wine and a little red wine


These wines are made from grapes grown on soils of alluvial deposits, with a strict , cold and wet and windy weather


Local varieties which serve to develop, Hondarrabi Zuri (white) and Hondarrabi Beltza (red ) never fully ripen these wines from these varieties sonts nevertheless pleasant


Found in the Spanish Basque Country , many AOC wines:

  • DOC Rioja produced in south Alava ( Rioja Alavesa ) and south of Navarre
  • Txakoli white wine produced on the Cantabrian coast
  • DO Navarra product south of Navarre

The Basque Country

( Basque Hegoalde meaning southern region ) or Southern Basque means the southern part of the Basque Country, located on Spanish territory .


It is bounded on the west by Cantabria , on the south by the River Ebro (La Rioja) , to the east by Aragon, on the north by the Pyrenees and the Bidasoa (which separate it from the French Basque Country) and Cantabrian Sea .


Administratively, it is composed of three provinces Guipuzcoa (capital: San Sebastian)

  • Alava, Biscay , Navarre


The Basque Country has specific gastronomic against the French Basque Country including :

  • Pintxo , comparable specialty tapas .
  • Sagadortegia , cider houses are very popular in the Basque Country south. Basque cider is called Sagardo ( " apple wine " ) or natural cider in Spanish to distinguish it from " sparkling " cider such as that consumed mainly in France . The French Basque Country also starting to produce cider called traditional ( sagarnoa )

The Basque Country has two IGP sheep cheese

  • The Idiazabal produced in the Basque Autonomous Community and Navarre , with the
    exception of the Roncal Valley
  • The Roncal , occurs only in the Roncal valley northeast of Navarre
Vine and Spanish Basque Country
Vine and Spanish Basque Country
Vine and Spanish Basque Country
Vine and Spanish Basque Country
Vine and Spanish Basque Country
Vine and Spanish Basque Country
Vine and Spanish Basque Country
Vine and Spanish Basque Country
Vine and Spanish Basque Country
Vine and Spanish Basque Country
Vine and Spanish Basque Country
Vine and Spanish Basque Country
Vine and Spanish Basque Country
Vine and Spanish Basque Country
Vine and Spanish Basque Country
Vine and Spanish Basque Country
Vine and Spanish Basque Country

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Castile and Leon & Vine

Publié le par Philippe Josse

Castile and Leon & Vine

Castile and Leon & Vine


The vineyard of Castile and León is an economic entity which includes different terroirs Northwest Spain.


The huge vineyard of Castile Leon produced many table wines and good country


The Cebreros the Valdevimbtre -los- Oteros , The Fermoselle - Arribes del Duero and Tierra del Vinode Zamora , and very good wine appellations of origin of Bierzo, Cigales , Ribeira del Duerro , Toro and Rueda , the last four areas located around the city of Valladolid and the Douro
Bierzo


The vineyards of Bierzo covers 5,500 hectares, located along the border with Galicia , it is located in the extreme north west of Castile Leon, and the single vineyard of Castile - leon which is not in the Douro .


Bierzo form a transition zone between Galicia and the Douro Valley , surrounded by the Cantabrian Mountains and the mountains of Leon who protect climate condictions


The climate is influenced by its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean, sunniest in Galicia
The vines are planted on the hillsides of granite and clay


They produce white wines from white Dona , and Godello and red wines from Grenache and Mencia and some white wines are from the Palomino , white wines are dry wines, rosés are the ones from grenache, the best wines are red from the Mencia and Grenache wines can also become care
Do this since 1989 , wine may only use grapes grown in the region


Castilla and Leon


Castilla and Leon autonomous region surrounded by mountains, is located in the northwest of Spain. It is surrounded by Galicia , Asturias , Cantabria , the Basque Country , La Rioja, Aragon, Castile-La Mancha , the Autonomous Community of Madrid , Extremadura and Portugal.


Architectural gems such as the Roman aqueduct of Segovia, the Gothic cathedral of Burgos and the beautiful Baroque square of Salamanca are complemented by the natural beauty of the region. The Parque Natural de las Hoces del .


This area is also a large grain plateau. Wheat fields stretch to the horizon forming very pretty scenery. The region is in some places at high altitude where pretty extreme winter weather . Castile and León itself worth a trip with its beautiful cities in history: Segovia , Leon, Valladolid , Avila (three World Heritage Cities )


One of the richest natural diversity Europe destinations , spectacular monuments, exemplary cuisine ... these are the main advantages of this interior region of Spain, you'll love. but Burgos cathedral , or the site of Atapuerca, where you can contemplate the evidence of the first inhabitants of Europe.

Castilla - León is also crossed by one of the largest pilgrimage routes in the world: the Way of Saint Jacques , if you are looking for breathtaking views , know that you will encounter 40 protected natural areas such as national Park Picos de Europa , where some of the finest Atlantic forests of Spain. Perfect places to make climbing, cycling, canoeing ... or quiet walks , for example on the site of Las Médulas , the largest gold mine open pit dating from Roman times .


When you put table , traditional cuisine will offer specialties such as roast lamb , black pudding , the " botillo ", the roast suckling pig ... all accompanied by delicious wines Ribera de Duero , between other .

Castile and Leon & Vine
Castile and Leon & Vine
Castile and Leon & Vine
Castile and Leon & Vine
Castile and Leon & Vine
Castile and Leon & Vine
Castile and Leon & Vine
Castile and Leon & Vine
Castile and Leon & Vine
Castile and Leon & Vine
Castile and Leon & Vine
Castile and Leon & Vine
Castile and Leon & Vine
Castile and Leon & Vine

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Galicia and the vine

Publié le par Philippe Josse

Galicia and the vine

Galicia and the vine


Galicia is characterized
unlike other Spanish regions , the absence of a city dominating the territory. Indeed, the urban network consists of seven major cities and other towns


Galicia ( Galicia or Galiza Galician , Castilian in Galicia ) is an autonomous community with the status of a historical nation, located at the northwest tip of Spain. It is surrounded by the Principality of Asturias , Castile and León , Portugal , Atlantic Ocean and the Cantabrian Sea . It covers an area of ​​29,574 km2

Galicia consists of four provinces , La Coruña, Lugo , Ourense and Pontevedra .
Saint- Jacques de Compostela (Santiago de Compostela ) , located in the province of A Coruña, is the political capital of the autonomous community , without being that of the province .


Galicia owes its name to Gallaeci , name given by the people of this region an area up to the Douro river. it is a Celtic region today with Portuguese influences

The Roman conquest ( 137-22 BC ) , was mot
ivated by the mineral wealth and has created over the centuries , a culture where indigenous elements have emerged with increasing force .
Roman roads, bridges ( Bibei , Ourense ) , walls (Lugo ) and farms around Villae gradually changing the country's image .


The two official languages ​​are Spanish and Galician


The most lasting influence left by the Romans remains the Galician language that develops from the Latin spoken in this region,
The region has rocky soil types , granite ,

On the map of Spanish vineyards .


The excellent wines of Galicia were then reserved for restaurateurs and hoteliers in the region , who bought in barrels ,


Vineyards is 450 meters above sea level on average produce 90 % of whites
This region forms an angle above Portugal , attracting few tourists , although thousands of pilgrims every year on the cross roads of Santiago de Compostela


it remained isolated for a long time and growers continued to cultivated ancestral varieties that make the charm of their wines with the Albarino , the Godello , and Treixadura Rias Baixas

, the most famous is the name of Galicia , white wines are On Albarino have an excellent reputation , also produces a red wine from the Brancellao and caino
The white
Albarino is made only from grapes of the same name

the Ribiero


Is within the country , in the province of Orense
Growers have sought the best varieties , microclimates and soil types , the wines they produce today are now very popular and good quality .


Spanish and foreign investors interested in the region, the equipment used have improved and new wineries have installed in order to improved production
White and red wines for daily consumption


The white wines are produced with Treixadura , along with other varieties such as Palomino, Torrontés , Albarino , the Loureira the Godello , wine of superior quality are made from Albarino , red wines are made ​​from them Caino accompanied the Grenache, Mencia

Galicia and the vine
Galicia and the vine
Galicia and the vine
Galicia and the vine
Galicia and the vine
Galicia and the vine
Galicia and the vine
Galicia and the vine
Galicia and the vine
Galicia and the vine
Galicia and the vine
Galicia and the vine
Galicia and the vine
Galicia and the vine
Galicia and the vine
Galicia and the vine

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The Levant region of the Levant in Spain and Viticulture

Publié le par Philippe Josse

The Levant region of the Levant in Spain and Viticulture

The Levant region of the Levant in Spain and Viticulture

The Levant region on the east coast of the Iberian Peninsula , which surrounds the city of Valencia Bullas , in the mountains of the Levant and arid wilderness , known for the quality of wheat are donated alcoholic red wine has long been used in the cutting of other less sunny regions .


Spanish Levant refers to the geographic area of ​​the Mediterranean coast of Spain , especially the Valencian Country and the Region of Murcia. It sometimes also includes the province of Albacete .
The territory is a former administrative and military division of the Caliphate of Cordoba that stretched between Cape Gata in Almeria is


With a production of 18 000 ha , exporting quantities of table wine to 70 % of production
Thanks to an earlier harvest and less obsolete methods of vinification they decided to transform their Monastrell grape same first local cooperatives put their Monastrell bottles instead of selling the cellars of Valencia .

Valencia being the center of viticulture in the Levant
Blackish must also nome Alicante helped into the 1980s to revive the color of pinot maint Ahr or Lemberger Württemberg



Region of Murcia


Region of Murcia combines excellent weather , the summers are long and hot and winter is short and sweet. These complex land and human skills for growing vines and making wine quality are , of the 45 000 hectares of vineyards, wines.

3 AOC region : Bullas , Jumilla and Yecla .


The predominant varieties are Monastrell , Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah and Merlot .


Albacete


Albacete is a city in Spain . It is located about 300 km southeast of Madrid, in the historical region of La Mancha
Albacete has several wine regions , especially that of Almansa . Its wines are increasingly known and there many wineries that you can visit . A full-bodied red wine Albacete , as Jumilla, ideally accompany this generous cuisine.


Albacete city was founded by the Roman Empire on a volque village, and takes its name from Alba Cita , the White City , or rather the City of Dawn because it is one of the cited located Eastern Roman Spain .


Outside the city of Albacete itself, the province offers many attractions and diverse, including natural parks , towns and villages. The town of Chinchilla de Monte Aragon, with its winding medieval streets ,
the surrounding countryside with its mountains, well worth a stop .


As in all areas of Spain , Albacete has a cuisine of its own and must absolutely be tasted. It can be described as rich , hearty
Gazpacho manchego nothing like his famous Andalusian distant cousin. It is a rich broth with meat partridge , pheasant, pigeon , hare , rabbit or chicken, flavored with herbs and spices and thickened by adding pieces of bread special, called Torta de Gazpacho .

The Levant region of the Levant in Spain and Viticulture
The Levant region of the Levant in Spain and Viticulture
The Levant region of the Levant in Spain and Viticulture
The Levant region of the Levant in Spain and Viticulture
The Levant region of the Levant in Spain and Viticulture
The Levant region of the Levant in Spain and Viticulture
The Levant region of the Levant in Spain and Viticulture
The Levant region of the Levant in Spain and Viticulture
The Levant region of the Levant in Spain and Viticulture
The Levant region of the Levant in Spain and Viticulture
The Levant region of the Levant in Spain and Viticulture
The Levant region of the Levant in Spain and Viticulture
The Levant region of the Levant in Spain and Viticulture
The Levant region of the Levant in Spain and Viticulture
The Levant region of the Levant in Spain and Viticulture

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The region of La Mancha in the Iberian Peninsula

Publié le par Philippe Josse

The region of La Mancha in the Iberian Peninsula

The region of La Mancha in the Iberian Peninsula


Mashed sun, the heart of Spain this is the largest vineyard in the world


This dusty and arid steppe , it lies at an altitude of over 610 meters, the translation of the English in Moorish means barren land .


The rain is rare on this plateau south of Madrid, or the scorching summer following the icy winds of winter.


The number of hectares cultivated on the plateau of Castile -La Mancha vineyards is the largest wine region in the world. Castilla -La Mancha alone has an area of ​​about 600,000 ha .


The or there is no wheat grows vines, mainly planted with the white Airen grape widespread and little known , after the approval of the irrigation production climbed , the best is sold as red wine country
The Valdepenas , a smaller but more refined wine region extends further south, the bodegas have never addicted to mass production.

The Cencibel is grown there long , white are fresh and tasty


Make a stop along the way to taste the dishes of the cuisine of La Mancha , with its incomparable cheese, then discover the landmarks National Park Tablas de Daimiel and lagoons of Ruidera .
The region extends between the Montes de Toledo and the western foothills of the Serrania the Cuenca. It is bounded on the south by the Sierra Morena and on the north by the region of La Alcarria . The Mancha county includes parts of present-day provinces of Cuenca , Toledo, Albacete and Ciudad Real.


The Wine Route of La Mancha will give you the opportunity to taste the exquisite wines of this land and to discover their tradition. It will also allow you unforgettable experiences.


Wine culture brought by the Phoenicians date of 1100 BC.

Spanish archaeologists have revealed a ritual " libation of wine" , dated -750 to Cancho Roano in the province of Badajoz . This discovery led to the discovery of the route up two wine routes in southern Spain to Central Meseta forking Avila and Salamanca

The installation of the Phoenicians and the Carthaginians with their main colonies are from east to west : Ibossim , Akra Leuke , Qart Hadasht , Abdera , Malaka and Gadir and Greeks emporions Rhode Empúries and along the coast of Spain future leads to the introduction of new technical developments in the region, including the teaching of the grower from the work of Mago

The region of La Mancha in the Iberian Peninsula
The region of La Mancha in the Iberian Peninsula
The region of La Mancha in the Iberian Peninsula
The region of La Mancha in the Iberian Peninsula
The region of La Mancha in the Iberian Peninsula
The region of La Mancha in the Iberian Peninsula
The region of La Mancha in the Iberian Peninsula
The region of La Mancha in the Iberian Peninsula
The region of La Mancha in the Iberian Peninsula
The region of La Mancha in the Iberian Peninsula
The region of La Mancha in the Iberian Peninsula
The region of La Mancha in the Iberian Peninsula
The region of La Mancha in the Iberian Peninsula
The region of La Mancha in the Iberian Peninsula

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Spain and viticulture

Publié le par Philippe Josse

Spain and viticulture

Spain and viticulture


Subject to the influences of the Atlantic and the Mediterranean , provincial boundaries are defined by the different climatic influences


Apart from some wet mountain areas , low rainfall and lack of water is a problem in much of Spain. Forest fires are a problem ,for all the forests of the Iberian Peninsula


The Mediterranean climate is characterized by hot and dry summers , it is dominant in the peninsula, with two great shades : Mediterranean climate types (climate Csa ) , found in the southern part of the country, in the north- west of the country , with less scorching summers because of the proximity to the ocean


The area of ​​Spanish vineyard surface of ectares 1.2 million , more than the French and Italian vineyards , although Spain produces less wine


This difference in performance is partly due to the high proportion of wines of Spanish origin name
Spain produces less than table wines and wines of countries as France and Italy


The majority of Spanish wines come from Catalonia, Valencia and the English Channel , but other regions such as La Rioja, Aragon , the Levant and Andalusia produce quality wines in much lower volumes , lower the yields s ' as explained by the very hot and dry climate of southern Spain .

The vines are pruned short to survive in extreme climates, give only a few bunches per vine

Spain


Located in Western Europe , Spain occupies most of the Iberian Peninsula , which it shares with Portugal.
Outside the peninsula, the kingdom also includes two archipelagos (the Canary Islands and the Balearic islands two cities ( Ceuta and Melilla ) and some islands and islets in the north of Morocco , also Spain claims sovereignty over the rock of Gibraltar .


The physical limits of Spain are: west , Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean , on the east , the Mediterranean Sea to the south, the Strait of Gibraltar, which separates Africa ( Morocco ) to the north, the Pyrenees , which form a natural border with France and Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay .
The main mountain systems are the Pyrenees, the Iberian system , the Cantabrian Mountains , the central system and the Betic Cordilleras .
.

Spain and viticulture
Spain and viticulture
Spain and viticulture
Spain and viticulture
Spain and viticulture
Spain and viticulture
Spain and viticulture
Spain and viticulture
Spain and viticulture
Spain and viticulture
Spain and viticulture
Spain and viticulture

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Ireland and Irish Whiskey

Publié le par Philippe Josse

Ireland and Irish Whiskey

Ireland and Irish Whiskey


In Ireland, if the notion of region does not exist per se, Irish whiskey is always different from other whiskeys inimitable style marked by its sweetness and fruitiness.


The Irish whiskey is an eau-de -vie made ​​from the distillation of grain , particularly barley, but not only. The legal definition of Irish whiskey was enacted by the Irish Whiskey Act.


Irish whiskey is distinguished from others by its distillation method . Indeed , the Irish offer triple distillation their whiskey, against two for Scotch whiskey , and one for the U.S. Bourbon.


The Irish want the inventors of whiskey now generally synonymous with Scotland. Yet the reality is much more complex and uncertain.


Apart from a few Scottish distilleries, the practice of triple distillation is the prerogative of Midleton and Bushmills Distillery . In reality only the bottoms , heavier and more oily , are distilled three times successively in the wash still , the low wine ( or pretends ) still and spirit still . The low wines strongest alcohol , obtained after the first distillation are stored before joining the third still. In the second distillation , the bottoms , weak feints , are spaced to be incorporated into the next distillation .


The alcohol leaves the second still ( strong feigned ) as about 70 % vol . It is in turn stored before undergoing a final distillation which separates the heads and bottoms of heart heating . The new spirit , whiskey future , as about 85 % vol . Rich distillation heads , it is particularly fruity.



Ireland Irish Éire


The Ireland claims its Celtic identity , so that , culturally , it usually represents the island of Ireland considered one of the six " Celtic nations


The official symbol of the country is the Celtic harp (which is depicted on the euro ), but the Irish clover is often used as another symbol,


Ireland is on the homonymous island north -west of the European continent in the North Atlantic
To discover the soul and Celtic heat , it will browse around the island , visit the hidden villages and wild peninsulas of the Emerald Isle .

The green island without escape its turbulent past , whether glorious or tragic kept plenty to make you dream : serene lakes , wild cliffs, medieval towns with intact architecture, a vibrant cultural life , not to mention , most importantly, a population of extreme affability.
Who can forget the mythical resonance of Irish landscapes, marked by history and legends , or fifty shades of green left by the rain , when the sun income?


The capital of Ireland is Dublin, but other cities have a certain notoriety : Galway , Cork, Waterford and Limerick.


This is to - 500 that the Celts are emerging in Ireland, their civilization on the island lasted nearly a thousand years . Their arrival was made ​​by two different routes, the current Great Britain and Spain . Celtic mythology has also preserved the memory of the Spanish origin since, according to the Lebor Gabála Érenn (Book of Invasions of Ireland) , the Milesians (that is to say the Gaels ) are called son of Míl Espáine . Before the introduction of the La Tene civilization ) , Erin's story is largely mythical .

Ireland and Irish Whiskey
Ireland and Irish Whiskey
Ireland and Irish Whiskey
Ireland and Irish Whiskey
Ireland and Irish Whiskey
Ireland and Irish Whiskey
Ireland and Irish Whiskey
Ireland and Irish Whiskey
Ireland and Irish Whiskey
Ireland and Irish Whiskey
Ireland and Irish Whiskey
Ireland and Irish Whiskey
Ireland and Irish Whiskey
Ireland and Irish Whiskey
Ireland and Irish Whiskey

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L’Irlande et Le whiskey Irlandais

Publié le par Philippe Josse

L’Irlande et Le whiskey Irlandais

L’Irlande et Le whiskey irlandais

En Irlande, si la notion de région n'existe pas à proprement parler, le whiskey irlandais se distingue toujours des autres whiskies par son style inimitable empreint de douceur et de fruité.

L'Irish whiskey est une eau-de-vie fabriquée par distillation de céréale, en particulier l'orge, mais pas seulement. La définition légale du whiskey irlandais a été édictée par l'Irish Whiskey Act.

Le whiskey irlandais se distingue des autres par sa méthode de distillation. En effet, les Irlandais offrent une triple distillation à leur whiskey, contre deux pour le whisky écossais, et une seule pour le Bourbon américain.

Les Irlandais se veulent les inventeurs du whisky maintenant généralement synonyme d'Écosse. Pourtant la réalité est beaucoup plus complexe et incertaine.

Mis à part quelques distilleries écossaises, la pratique de la triple distillation est l'apanage des distilleries Bushmills et Midleton. En réalité seules les queues de distillation, plus lourdes et plus huileuses, sont distillées trois fois successivement dans le wash still, le low wine (ou feint) still et le spirit still. Les low wines (bas vins) les plus forts en alcool, obtenus à l'issue de la première distillation, sont stockés avant de rejoindre le troisième alambic. Au cours de la seconde distillation, les queues, weak feints, sont écartées pour être incorporées à la prochaine distillation.
L'alcool qui sort du second alambic (strong feints) titre environ 70% vol. Il est à son tour stocké avant de subir une ultime distillation qui permet de séparer les têtes et les queues de distillation du cœur de chauffe. Le new spirit, futur whiskey, titre environ 85% vol. Riche en têtes de distillation, il se montre particulièrement fruité.

L’Irlande (en irlandais Éire4 [ˈeːrʲə] et en anglais Ireland)

La Eépublique d'Irlande revendique son identité celtique, si bien que, sur le plan culturel, elle représente habituellement l'île d'Irlande considérée comme l'une des six « nations celtiques

Le symbole officiel du pays est la harpe celtique (qui figure sur les pièces d'euro), mais le trèfle irlandais est souvent utilisé comme autre symbole,

L'Irlande est sur l'île homonyme située au nord-ouest du continent européen dans l’Atlantique Nord.

Pour découvrir l'âme et la chaleur celtiques, il faudra parcourir les recoins de l’île, visiter les villages cachés et les péninsules sauvages de la verte Érin.

L'île verte, sans échapper à son turbulent passé, qu'il soit glorieux ou tragique, a gardé amplement de quoi vous faire rêver : des lacs sereins, des falaises sauvages, des cités médiévales à l'architecture intacte, une vie culturelle vibrante, sans oublier, surtout, une population d'une extrême affabilité.

Qui peut oublier la résonance mythique des paysages irlandais, marqués par l'Histoire et par les légendes, ou les cinquante tons de vert laissés par la pluie, une fois le soleil revenu ?

La capitale de l'Irlande est Dublin, mais d'autres villes possèdent une certaine notoriété : Galway, Cork, Waterford et Limerick.

C'est vers - 500 que les Celtes font leur apparition en Irlande, leur civilisation sur l'île va durer près de mille ans. Leur arrivée s'est faite par deux routes différentes, par l'actuelle Grande-Bretagne et par l'Espagne. La mythologie celtique a d’ailleurs conservé le souvenir de cette origine espagnole puisque, selon le Lebor Gabála Érenn (Livre des Conquêtes d’Irlande), les Milesiens (c’est-à-dire les Gaèls) sont dits fils de Míl Espáine. Avant l'introduction de la civilisation de La Tène), l’histoire d’Erin est largement mythique.

L’Irlande et Le whiskey Irlandais
L’Irlande et Le whiskey Irlandais
L’Irlande et Le whiskey Irlandais
L’Irlande et Le whiskey Irlandais
L’Irlande et Le whiskey Irlandais
L’Irlande et Le whiskey Irlandais
L’Irlande et Le whiskey Irlandais
L’Irlande et Le whiskey Irlandais
L’Irlande et Le whiskey Irlandais
L’Irlande et Le whiskey Irlandais
L’Irlande et Le whiskey Irlandais
L’Irlande et Le whiskey Irlandais
L’Irlande et Le whiskey Irlandais
L’Irlande et Le whiskey Irlandais
L’Irlande et Le whiskey Irlandais

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