Texas; was first a Spanish colony before becoming part of Mexico. After an independent republic, it is attached to the US in 1845. Slave state, Texas participated alongside the Confederate States of America, in the American Civil War.
It is part of the Sun Belt, and Wild West for its scenery and folklore; but also in the Southern United States for its history and culture. And a opening on the Mexico Gulf, with its coast and The Nine Nations of North America because of his past.
His Texan cuisine is similar to that of the Southern United States which is a blend various traditions: Soul Food is a specialty of the African-American community-based fried served with rice and hot sauce and Cajun cuisine which is only practiced east Texas.
The state is the largest of the United States and larger than metropolitan France with an area of (696,241 km2) located south of the United States at comparable latitudes to those of southern Morocco
Texas, which extends. With the northern border at the same latitude as the city of Tunis, and the south is at the same latitude as Luxor in Egypt.
Bordered on the west by New Mexico, to the southwest by the Mexican border, with Chihuahua and Sierra Leone, to the south by the Gulf of Mexico, to the north by Oklahoma, to the east by Arkansas and Louisiana.
With landscapes from east to west grandiose, South Plains to the deserts of the American Southwest, and natural environments of great variety, with coastal marshes, subtropical forests grasslands and semi-arid and arid areas, and mountains that stretch over several hundred kilometers from east to north ouest. Over the Rio Grande River, which mark the boundaries of the State with the Red River to the north and the Sabine River to the East.
The highest elevations, it is to the west with the culmination of Texas, the Guadalupe Peak (2667 m), and Trans Pecos complex of mountain ranges and plateaus.
The Texas center with plateaus and high plains, represents a transition zone between the Great Plains and coastal plains with Further north the Llano Estacado considered one of the largest mesas of North America and dissected by gorges like Palo Duro canyon, the second in the United States by its size, after Colorado.
South Texas is part of the coastal plain of the Gulf of Mexico, cut by bays and estuaries bordered by several large islands, with the largest island of which is the Padre Island (542 km2), which extends to Florida.
Very varied, wildlife of Texas, includes a hundred species of mammals, such as: Bison, Puma, Pronghorn and the red wolf and a hundred species of snakes, with they more dangerous like Rattlesnake and the Water-Moccasin, with Some 550 species of birds.
This biodiversity of Texas is accompanied by natural environments, with marshes and coastal lagoons, east forests and the center prairie, in the north deserts and mountains to the west. Preserved by natural parks such as Big Bend National Park, Guadalupe Mountains National Park, and the Palo Duro Canyon.
Texas, is first for the number of farms and the first place for the production of cotton. The diversity of climates and domination of the plains and plateaus allow the cultivation of different crops: wheat, cotton, rice, sugarcane, fruits and vegetables in the Rio Grande ranching in the West Valley. The farming practiced on the set of Edwards, and not forgetting the farms of eastern forests.